R:BASE 5.0 Questions and Answers
     PRODUCT:  R:BASE                  VERSION:        5.X
     AREA   :  General Information     CATEGORY:       General Information
     We have compiled a list of questions and answers about using R:BASE 
     5.0 and about differences with earlier versions of R:BASE. Many of 
     the questions were raised by our beta sites.
     General Questions
     Question: I connect my 4.5++ database in R:BASE 5.0, choose to create 
     a new form, and a message appears about upgrading the database. I 
     thought there was no database conversion for R:BASE 5.0. What does it 
     mean if I upgrade my database?
     Answer: The upgrade process creates the fourth database file, 
     dbname.rb4, and makes new system tables in R:BASE 5.0 for forms, 
     reports, and labels defined in 5.0. The upgrade is necessary to use 
     the new BLOB data types. You will still be able to connect to the 
     database with 4.5++, but not with any earlier versions of R:BASE. 
     Only 4.5++ is "BLOB aware". Upgrading your database is not required, 
     but you cannot create new forms, reports, or labels, or use the new 
     data types until you upgrade the database.
     Question: When I press [Enter] in the Object Manager, nothing happens 
     even though an item is highlighted. 
     Answer: No action has been selected. The item is highlighted, but no 
     button is active. R:BASE does not know what action to take on the 
     highlighted item so nothing is done. You can press [Tab] or use the 
     mouse to highlight a button; then when you press [Enter], that action 
     is executed on the highlighted item.
     Question: I can open more than one Data Browser window, but when I 
     click on the R> prompt button more than once, only one R> prompt 
     window opens.
     Answer: Only one R> prompt window can be open at a time. In addition, 
     only one of the Form, Report, Label, or Application Designers can be 
     open at a time.
     Question: The "Press any key" message box appears in the middle of 
     the screen and is too big. It covers part of the screen and you can't 
     see what's behind it.
     Answer: The message box is movable. Move it to an area of the screen 
     where it does not cover data you need to see. After moving it, R:BASE 
     remembers the new location. The next time the message box is 
     displayed, it appears in the new location.
     Question: I tried to open another R:BASE 5.0 session and got a 
     message about "Cannot run multiple instances of a DLL under WIN32S," 
     and then a message about an "abnormal termination." I had plenty of 
     available memory and could start other Windows applications.
     Answer: You can only open one session of R:BASE 5.0 at a time. The 
     messages are standard Windows messages coming from WIN32S, the 
     program that allows Windows 3.1 to run 32-bit programs such as R:BASE 
     Question: Can I change the font in the R> prompt window like I can in 
     the Data Browser or for fields in forms and reports?
     Answer: At the R> prompt you have a choice of three fonts: OEM 
     ( the default font), system, or ANSI. All are non-proportional fonts 
     and display the data in a columnar format. To change the font, use 
     the SET FONT command, for example, SET FONT SYSTEM. The different 
     fonts display different character sets.
     Question: I took a snapshot of the screen but was never prompted for 
     a file name. What happened to my screen shot? 
     Answer: The screen shot was copied to the clipboard. Open the 
     clipboard and save the file to a filename. Alternatively, you can 
     copy to the clipboard using the [print screen] or [Alt][print screen] 
     keys. A snapshot creates a graphical image in the clipboard.
     Question: I used to be able to copy commands from the R> prompt to 
     RBEdit using a screen snapshot. Now my snapshots are always graphical 
     images and not ASCII files. How can I copy commands from the R> 
     prompt to an ASCII file?
     Answer: You can use keyboard keys to cut and paste from the R> prompt 
     to RBEdit. Once the text is in RBEdit, save it to the appropriate 
     filename. To copy a command line, place the cursor on the line or at 
     the end of the command. Press [Ctrl][Ins] to copy the command. In 
     RBEdit, choose Edit: Paste or press [Shift][Ins] to place the command 
     as text.
     Question: I saved a file in RBEdit and it wrote over my original 
     file. It didn't prompt me for a new file name like it used to in 
     Answer: In a Windows application, Save File from the File menu does 
     an incremental save and saves to the file you are currently editing. 
     To save to a different file name, choose Save File As from the File 
     menu. You will not be prompted to overwrite a file.
     Reports and Printing Questions 
     Question: I made a new report, and now I can't figure out how to save 
     the report and exit the Report Designer. I choose Exit from the File 
     menu and it exits me from R:BASE 5.0.
     Answer: The Report Designer is an MDI child window within R:BASE 5.0. 
     To save a report, choose Save Report from the File menu. To leave the 
     Report Designer, double click on the system menu for the Report 
     Designer window. You will be prompted to save or discard report 
     changes when you close the window.
     Question: I defined breakpoints in a new report, and need to reset 
     variables, but I don't want to reset all the variables. I see all 
     the report variables listed. How do I delete the variables I don't 
     want reset from the box?
     Answer: You select the variables you want to reset. All defined 
     report variables are listed for each breakpoint and for the page. 
     Highlight the variables to reset at a particular breakpoint. Until 
     a variable is highlighted, it won't be reset.
     Question: When I right click on a field in the Reports Designer, I 
     see the Field Settings option on the menu, but it is grayed out. I 
     can't figure out how to make the Field Settings option active.
     Answer: The Form, Report, and Label Designers share many common 
     elements. The right click menu is one of them. The Field Settings 
     option is only applicable to forms; it is not used in reports or 
     labels. Alternatively, the Null Format option is grayed out in forms; 
     it is only used in reports and labels.
     Question: When printing a report to the screen, I try to close the 
     report by double clicking on the system menu. Nothing happens.
     Answer: You must press [Enter] to see another page of the report, or 
     press [Esc] to exit. 
     Question: I can't preview my report from the Print dialog box. The 
     Preview button is grayed out. What do I need to do to make it 
     Answer: In this release, the Print Preview button is only active for 
     printing from RBEdit. You cannot preview reports or labels.
     Question: I am printing an old report and it is printing in portrait 
     mode instead of landscape. I even tried using Print Setup to change 
     the orientation but nothing worked. 
     Answer: Reports created in prior versions of R:BASE are printed like 
     they were in the earlier version with respect to orientation and 
     other printer control codes such as compressed, underline, and bold. 
     To have R:BASE recognize printer control codes in the report, you 
     must have the correct .PRD file available from the previous version 
     of R:BASE as well as use the SET PRINTER command to make the .PRD 
     file active.
     Question: My reports aren't printing. I see a message confirming that 
     pages are being printed, but I don't get any error messages or a 
     Answer: R:BASE 5.0 prints new reports through the Windows Print 
     Manager. Press [Ctrl][Esc] to bring up the Windows Task List. Your 
     print job may be queued in the Print Manager. Once the print job is 
     sent to the Windows Print Manager, R:BASE no longer has control over 
     Setting Colors
     Question: Why don't I have access to the full Windows color palette 
     in the R> prompt window?
     Answer: The R> prompt windows foreground and background colors are 
     identified by color names. The Windows colors are identified by 
     numbers. For compatibility with existing programs, R:BASE 5.0 needed 
     to support colors by name. The same is true for setting form and 
     report colors. You will be able to use the full Windows color palette 
     to set colors in the ODBC version of R:BASE 5.0 to be released later 
     this year.
     Question: On my computer, the highlight on pop-up menus is dark blue, 
     the same color as the R> prompt window. On my co-worker's computer, 
     the highlight is cyan. How can I change the highlight color to cyan 
     to make it is easier to read the highlighted items?
     Answer: R:BASE only controls the foreground and background colors for 
     the R> prompt window, and for fields in forms, reports and labels. 
     All other colors, such as menu highlights, are defined by Windows. 
     You define these colors in the Windows Control Panel.
     Data Browser and QBE Questions
     Question: The LINEEND setting isn't working right. In the Data 
     Browser, I enter [Alt][254] to place a LINEEND character in my data 
     and an underscore character appears. My data that already has LINEEND 
     characters in it is displaying the character as "_" instead of " ".
     Answer: In Windows, when entering ASCII characters over 127 using the 
     [Alt] key, you must preface the number with a 0. For example, instead 
     of [Alt][254], you press [Alt][0254]. The character that is displayed 
     depends on the font being used. The default font for the Data Browser 
     is the System font. In this font, the LINEEND character, [Alt][0254], 
     is a "_". To see which character is displayed for a different font, 
     double-click on the Character Map icon in the "Accessories" program 
     Question: I pressed the [F10] key to insert a new row in the Data 
     Browser and the cursor moved up to the main menu. Do I need to use 
     the menus to insert a row? 
     Answer: [F10] is a Windows hot key to move to the menu bar. The hot 
     key for inserting a row is now [F2]. To see the hot keys for the area 
     you are in, press [Shift][F1], then click the Hot Keys button.
     Question: I pressed the [F2] key to insert a new row in The Data 
     Browser and nothing happened. Isn't [F2] the new hot key for 
     inserting a row? 
     Answer: You are probably in browse mode, not edit mode. The window 
     title displays either "Data Browser" or "Data Editor". Choose Edit 
     data from the Edit menu, or press [F4] to switch to edit mode.
     Question: I want to build a query in QBE, but I don't want to select 
     all the columns from my table. I can't figure out how to select 
     columns and I don't see a menu option for selecting columns.
     Answer: Place the cursor on the box with the table name and press the 
     right mouse button. A pop-up menu appears with a number of choices 
     including Select Column(s). You can also press the right mouse button 
     in the Form, Report, Label, and Application Designers to open a 
     pop-up menu with more options.